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  • Jul 3, 2019
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The use of enzymes in detergent formulations is now mundane in developed countries, with over half of all detergents presently available containing enzymes. Dirt comes in many forms and includes proteins, starches, and lipids . in additional, clothes that have been starched must be freed of the starch. In general, enzymes detergents remove protein from clothes soiled with blood, milk, sweat, grass and many more. The detergent enzyme must be cost-effective and safe to use.

The effectiveness of detergents has been improved by the addition of specific enzymes to solubilise and remove starch and protein-based stains. Until recently, protein stains like blood were tough to exclude with regular detergent. Such stains could only be dealt with at high temperatures, and even then the stain was only partly removed. Detergent proteases offered a solution and are being continuously improved.

Proteases break down protein stains, while other enzymes such as amylases remove starch stains

Cellulase

Enzyme Manufacturers

Protease

Amylase

Lipase

Enzymes Types Used in Detergents

Enzymes help in achieving superior cleaning performance that is required for attacking stains. Typically, proteases were the original enzymes that are added to laundry detergent powder. However, in today’s competitive market, many detergent brands contain other types of enzymes apart from proteases to provide exceptional cleaning performance. The list of such enzymes includes:

  • Cellulases
  • Lipases
  • Proteases
  • Amylases

However, a particular blend of enzyme types varies according to geographical conditions, such as the hardness of the water and water temperature.

Uses and Effects of Enzyme Detergents

Each enzyme type is effective enough to remove a particular type of stain. The amalgamation of different enzymes in a detergent allows it to tackle a wide range of profile types. Besides, multiple enzymes also perform in a complimentary manner to remove and clean tough stains or soils that are made up of different kinds of substances. For instance, a food stain may contain protein, starch and lipid (fat) which demands an aggregated action of these enzymes for its removal.

Enzyme Detergents Benefits

Long-standing key demands of consumers are met by adding more enzymes for cleaner wash and whiter whites. But there are several other benefits for the consumer too. Enzymes are highly energy-efficient molecules by nature, and their cleaning action ensures that even in a short wash cycle, clothes are thoroughly cleaned. Nowadays, the complaint of consumers is eliminated by the use of enzymes, ensuring no need for repeated wash.

moreover, another good news is– heavily soiled items do not necessarily require a hot wash any more. A distinctive is that they help in lowering the household electricity bills by reducing the washing temperature without altering the cleaning performance.

Optimizing Detergent Enzyme Formula

Biotech companies these days offer various products in industries ranging from food to clothing. They also endeavour to aid different laundry product brands and manufacturing companies to get the perfect blend of enzymes in their detergent products. In the well-equipped laboratories of these biotech companies, to detect the correct dose and types of the enzyme to be included to the basic detergent formulations, their technical service teams perform several wash trials.

With the increase in the concentration of an enzyme in a single-enzyme detergent, the cleaning performance improves; however, it ultimately reaches a point where no additional benefit can be achieved. At this point, any further improvement in the cleaning performance can only be achieved by adding new enzymes to the detergent formulation